Liquid fossil fuel, extracted and burnt.
Drilling for Oil.
When we talk about ‘oil’ in the energy sector, we’re actually talking about crude oil, the liquid fossil fuel that’s extracted from the ground. Generally, extraction of this crude oil requires a well that’s drilled into a reservoir from an oil rig, either above ground or offshore. Once extracted from the earth, crude oil is separated into products such as petroleum and diesel – the fuel of the transportation industry.
Crude oil is also used to create many other different products, including feedstocks to make plastics and textiles, and to heat rural homes.
The process of burning oil products such as petrol, diesel and heating oil, releases toxic gasses and high amounts of carbon dioxide. This is most noticeable on busy roads and cities with high traffic, where exhaust fumes pollute the air and decrease air quality for residents, pedestrians and all wildlife in the area. These adverse effects and the long lasting impact on our climate are why finding alternatives to oil are essential to our global energy consumption.
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